INTER PARES provide courses that aim at strengthening the capacity of parliaments in partner countries, by enhancing their legislative, oversight, representative, budgetary and administrative functions.

AGORA Courses


The Agora eLearning courses are developed as within several years and their main goal is to fundamental knowledge in the field of parliamentary development.

Pro PALOP-TL SAI Courses


Pro PALOP-TL SAI works on creating courses that address topics related to public financial management and aim at strenghtening the capacities of SAIs, Parliaments, Ministries of financies and CSOs.



    Available courses

    The course content consists of standard materials and a game-based tool which puts you in situations challenging you with handling conversions with various governmental and non-governmental actors.

    Available in: English, Português

    Information and communication technologies (ICT) tools are not only transforming the way interpersonal communications are taking place, but also information sharing and functioning of the work place, and ways of political mobilization around the world. For parliaments, ICT are a core enabler of greater openness, accessibility and accountability, as well as a two-way channel for engaging with citizens.

    Extractive industries can be a powerful driver of economic growth, but the extraction of non-renewable resources from the earth is linked to considerable political and economic risks. This course combines thematic expertise with global best-practices to provide parliamentarians and other oversight actors including SAI and civil society with a toolset for the transparent, independent and accountable management of extractive projects.

    This course looks at how parliaments in cooperation with Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs) and civil society organisations (CSOs) can strengthen their capacities to deliver more inclusive, accountable and open budgets for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

    O nosso curso de aprendizagem eletrónica sobre a Mesa Redonda de Industria Extrativa e Grandes Obras Públicas (Mesa Redonda de IE e FP) está agora disponível em Português no Portal de Aprendizagem Eletrónica. O curso foi elaborado pelo Projeto para o Reforço das Competências Técnicas e Funcionais das Instituições Superiores de Controlo (ISC), Parlamentos Nacionais e Sociedade Civil para o Controlo das Finanças Públicas nos PALOP e Timor-Leste (Pro PALOP-TL ISC). Este projeto é inteiramente financiado pela União Europeia e diretamente administrado pelo PNUD.

    The course explains the ways in which parliamentarians and citizens can participate in the budget process. It demonstrates how the executive can create opportunities for the parliament and citizens to become genuinely engaged in budget planning and implementation. The course outlines the tools parliamentarians and citizens can use to participate in the budget process and how the executive can invite their input at multiple points from allocation to implementation and evaluation.

    Available in: English, Português

    The course content consists of several video-based lectures from renown professionals, who will share with you academic and practical knowledge about the socioeconomic impact of COVID19 & major disruptive events and what the public financial management response has been.

    Os temas deste curso:
    • Contexto Pro PALOP-TL ISC
    • Fases do ciclo orçamental e kit
    • Como aplicar critério PFC
    • Monitoria OGE pelas OSC

    At the end of this course, learners will:

    • Have a better grasp of what youth participation is and is not;
    • Be familiar with existing models of youth participation;
    • Understand what youth participation could look like across the core parliamentary functions.

    This course was written by Lotte Geunis, Parliamentary Adviser at INTER PARES and PhD Fellow at Maastricht University.

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    At the end of this course, learners should have developed

    • Understanding of the key societal changes that have affected representation in recent decades;
    • Understanding of the key role played by modern parliaments in representation;
    • Knowledge and understanding of the five core processes of representation;
    • Ability to identify and critically evaluate examples of best practice in representation; and
    • Ability to critically reflect on their own practices of representation.

    This course was written by Professor Cristina Leston-Bandeira, University of Leeds.

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    At the end of this course, you will better understand: 

    1. Why we practice parliamentary oversight (theory) 

    2. What parliamentary oversight is and is not (the tools) 

    3. How parliamentary oversight is carried out (the practice) 

    4. The implications of parliamentary oversight (the politics) 

    Throughout, you will be able to explore a wide range of case studies from across Europe and beyond.  

    This course was written by Associate Professor Dr. Olivier Rozenberg, Sciences Po.

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    This course analyses procedures and practices of law-making in contemporary democracies.

    • The first part places law-making among other parliamentary functions, underlining the close interrelationship and intertwining between the main features of the law-making process and the form of government.
    • The second part is devoted to parliamentary procedures for law-making and is divided into two sections: (a1) a historical approach, exploring the main models adopted in the UK, France and US (respectively, the tThree rReadings in the UK; the “‘Bureaux System”’ in France; and the Permanent Specialized Committees in the US), and (b2) a section focusing on a key driver of the transformation of law-making procedures: the growing complexity of legislation (‘complexification’), a key factor that is transforming contemporary law-making procedures.
    • The third and final part explores specific law-making practices through a comparative study of different jurisdictions.

    This course was written by Professor Nicola Lupo, Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali.

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    Legislation constitutes the product of a lengthy process, beginning from a policy concept and ending with the realisation of the desired regulatory results

    The legislative drafting process is part of the legislative (law-making) process, which in turn is part of the policy (governance) process.

    The course consists of 8 modules. Please click on the "Launch the learning module" in order to start the course

    This course was written by Professor Helen Xanthaki, University College London, with the support of Dr. Maria Mousmouti and Dr. Constantin Stefanou.

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    This course provides learners with:
    - An overview of the core actors, institutions and processes involved in the budget process
    - An understanding of the role of parliament in each of the four budget stages
    - A snapshot of current trends in budgeting
    - A wide range of case studies, to illustrate how parliaments today are approaching the budget process

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    Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:

    • Understand why committees play an important role in parliamentary work;
    • Understand international practices and procedures of parliamentary committee systems;
    • Be able to critically assess committee systems’ internal design choices, depending on their own country context.

    This course was written by Dr. Tim Mickler, Leiden University (the Netherlands).

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    At the end of this course, you will better understand: 

    1. Why parliaments engage on climate change
    2. The (international) legal framework
    3. Parliamentary action on climate change
    4. Climate budgeting and climate finance
    5. Parliamentary practice on climate change

    Throughout, you will be able to explore a wide range of case studies from across Europe and beyond.  

    The course consists of 5 modules. Please click on the "Launch the learning module" in order to start the course

    This course was written by former MP (New Zealand) Dr. Kennedy Graham.

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    Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:

    • Identify the key texts that outline gender sensitive parliamentary norms
    • Identify, in their own parliamentary contexts, key decision makers and influencers that will support gender sensitive change
    • Critically assess the merits and applicability to their own parliamentary context of gender sensitive changes that have been adopted elsewhere
    • Design and defend a contextually-appropriate gender sensitive parliamentary change.

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    En los siete módulos del curso, se estudiarán:

    • El origen y evolución de la técnica legislativa
    • Las clases de normas de técnica legislativa
    • La técnica legislativa en la tramitación parlamentaria de las leyes
    • Los principios y reglas de la técnica legislativa
      - Sobre contenido y estructura de la ley
      - Sobre lenguaje legal
      - Sobre inserción de la ley en el ordenamiento jurídico

    Este curso fue escrito por la Dra. Piedad García-Escudero Márquez, Catedrática de Derecho Constitucional Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Letrada de las Cortes Generales.”

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    ဤ 'ပထမဆုံးအကြိမ်လွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားလှယ်များအတွက် လွှတ်တော်လုပ်ငန်းများ မိတ်ဆက်ရှင်းလင်းမှု' သင်ရိုးသည် လွှတ်တော်သို့ ပထမဆုံးအကြိမ်ရွေးကောက်တင်မြှောက်ခံရသော ဥပဒေပြုသူများနှင့် လွှတ်တော်ဝန်ထမ်းများ၊ ဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေး လုပ်ဆောင်သူများ၊ အလှူရှင်များ၊ အရပ်ဘက်လူမှုအဖွဲ့အစည်းများနှင့် လွှတ်တော်များ လုပ်ငန်းဆောင်ရွက်ပုံကို လေ့လာလိုသော အခြားသူများအတွက် ရေးဆွဲထားခြင်း ဖြစ်ပါသည်။

    This course explores how parliaments can take more effective and responsive action on climate change by strengthening their engagement with civil society. Building on the many success stories and best practices shared on AGORA’s Climate Portal, the course highlights initiatives, strategies and new technologies that help parliamentarians connect with the people they represent. Aimed at parliaments and civil society, this course hopes to inspire stronger and more effective collaboration on climate action.

    This 'Parliaments in Practice: an Introduction' course is designed for legislators who are new to parliament, and for parliamentary staff, practitioners, donors, civil society organisations and others who want to learn about how parliament works.

    Available in: English, Français, العربية , Русский, Português